I want to report a case of child abuse. No, thousands of cases.

I want to report a case of child abuse.

Well, no.  Not just one case.

Thousands of cases. Maybe tens of thousands. One for every child in New Jersey who attended class Monday and Tuesday in near 100 degree heat without air conditioning. Who will still be in school next week when the heat returns–and in September.

And child abuse is a crime.

All these children were entrusted to the care of public managers and officials–from school principals to the New Jersey state education commissioner–who probably didn’t think much about the problem.

Didn’t think of it because they were working in air conditioned offices. They were aided and abetted by legislators who, while ready to spend hundreds of millions of dollars–maybe $750 million– to renovate the Statehouse (which already has air conditioned chambers, committee rooms, and offices), won’t provide the schools with the money they need to air conditioned their classrooms.

The worst aider and abettor, of course, is Chris Christie, the governor who wasted $24 million in 2013 for a special US Senate election designed, in part, to help elect his ally, former Newark mayor Cory Booker. That $24 million could have paid for a lot of air conditioning.

I want to report a case of child abuse.

Newark Superintendent Cerf and Christie–they work in air conditioned offices, so what’s the problem?

But I would have to report it to the state. The same state Christie governs, at least on occasion, if badly. But I know the people who work for the  office of Child Protection and Permanency already are aware of what is happening and they haven’t done a thing to help. I can just imagine some brave social worker walking into a public school and, in that air conditioned office, slapping the principal with an abuse charge.

The social worker would soon be an ex-social worker.

Besides, the definition of child abuse and neglect used by New Jersey doesn’t cover requiring children to sit hours through sickening heat in a classroom that, even if it isn’t technically overcrowded, begins to feel that way in 100 degree heat. Here’s what one teacher said about that:

“A classroom packed with 30 adult-sized teen-agers becomes hotter than the outdoors….How can anyone expect these students to be actively engaged in lessons during those treacherous days with unbearable heat in their classrooms?”

What expectations are is not the threshold question. “Does anyone even think about?” is.

The teacher added she was “furious” with Christie and the legislators who want to spend anywhere from $300 million to $750 million to renovate the Statehouse.

It’s not an exaggeration to say subjecting children to excessive heat is child abuse. We all know about leaving children in cars. Experts on child abuse at the State University of New York (SUNY) tell medical practitioners to count the failure to provide air conditioning as an example of child abuse and neglect.

Those who work for public schools and those who lead them belong to powerful political organizations that spend a lot of time and energy in Trenton lobbying for benefits for their members. That’s their right and responsibility. Yet I’ve always been troubled by the failure of these groups to use their political clout to do what each of them claims to do–advocate for the children.

 I know the laws governing collective bargaining limit the scope of negotiations but I wish, for once, the unions and professional associations representing school employees would seek to close down schools that are unsafe and unhealthy because of the lack of air conditioning.

I wish the NJ School Boards Association would tell its members to impose local limits on indoor temperatures. I wish PTA and other parent organizations would organize boycotts.

I wish the media outlets, always so quick to beat their chests about the failure of the public schools and their employees, would recognize children are harmed by excessive heat. And they learn nothing–except, perhaps, they learn they are somehow less worthy than the adults who get to spend their work days in air conditioned comfort.

Typical of mainstream media’s attitude was an editorial in nj.com–the digital parent of The Star-Ledger and other Advance Media newspapers in New Jersey–that argued:

“One “benefit” that does not justify the expense: providing added comfort for students and teachers for two or three days in June, and three or four days in September. “

What inaccuracy–there’s a lot more than a week involved–most of September, most of May and June. It doesn’t have to be over 90 outside for a windowed classroom filled with children and adults to become intolerable. To become a place where learning is not going on.

And what rank hypocrisy. As a nearly 50-year employee of that media organization, I can report our offices were always air-conditioned. On the few occasions I can remember the briefest interruptions of air-conditioning–maybe once or twice–you could hear the howling all the way to McGovern’s. To which many of us would retreat to lament our mistreatment.

Also–please spare me stories about how the lack of air conditioning “toughens” children. So, some sadists would argue, do daily beatings–and would you have the laws against corporal punishment repealed?  (Yeah, I know, some sadists would). Shall we go back in time when children died for want of vaccines–because that might “toughen” the species?

Standards and expectations change. Teachers report children with asthma and other illnesses suffer from exacerbations in oven-like classrooms. It’s flat-out wrong to force children and their teachers to endure intolerable conditions.

Yes, I know there is an organization–headed by Jerell Blakeley–that is pushing for laws alleviating this condition. It includes leaders and members of employee organizations, including the New Jersey Education Association (NJEA), the state’s largest teachers’ union.

That’s great.

But the effort is going nowhere.

Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan

Compare that to what the Maryland governor, Larry Hogan (a Republican), did. He forced Baltimore to air-condition its schools or face the loss of construction funds. Ok, it will happen over five years–but at least there’s a plan. At least there’s a governor who cares about kids sweltering in intolerable conditions, especially in the cities.

More than what New Jersey has.

New Jersey children will continue to suffer until one of two things happens. Either the employee organizations will join with parental groups and refuse to force their children to endure intolerable conditions inside public schools–in other words, boycott unhealthy, unsafe, overheated schools.

Or the courts act, finding a safety issue, maybe accepting an equal protection argument. I’m willing to bet the worst conditions are more rampant in the cities where most of the children are poor and black and brown.

It’s frankly crazy that children in some schools in a town have air conditioning, while children in the same town don’t. In Newark, charter schools have air conditioning; public schools don’t–and, last year, with the connivance of the governor, the mayor and the state-appointed superintendent, charters got $67 million originally designated for regular public schools. That would have been enough to pay for air conditioning in all Newark public schools.

The Newark public schools–not only intolerably hot but also where kids can’t drink from the water fountains because the water is contaminated with lead. As one teacher asked, “Are we beginning to see a problem here yet?”

I know of one school–attended by my grandson–where, within the same school, some children have air conditioning while others do not. Even on the same floor.

How is this fair? How do children win this lottery? Or, more accurately, lose?

I’m not hopeful.  Unions don’t strike for air conditioning. Administrators might not even notice the heat. Parents are too afraid to boycott. So, we will see more days when children are abused by the public schools–and grownups do nothing.

That’s a crime.

And I want to report it.






  1. In reference to Gov. Hogan. It’s a pissing match between the county executive of Baltimore County (who will likely run for Gov next cycle) and Gov Hogan. There was legislation in place about the heat index and the school board signed off on it, but then they reneged on the plan because too many schools closed mid-day or were cancelled and parents/teachers in the A/C schools complained that it was unfair. The rich always win out. Anyway, there is a plan in place for Baltimore County & City, but it is just taking way too long. The good thing Gov Hogan did was mandate that school start after Labor Day and must end by June 15th…but then again, people are complaining for all kinds of reasons. Can’t please everyone! Yes, it is child abuse…..along with broken toilets/sinks in 70 yr old bathrooms and brown water coming from the few working water fountains. It’s all just deplorable.

    Bob Braun: Thanks for the insights.

  2. Broken toilets , no doors on bathroom stalls, yellow warm water coming out of water fountains, dirty air and general filth is the norm at our Trenton school.

  3. Years ago, when I was teaching, we teachers would bring fans to school to alleviate the hot conditions. It was better than nothing but essentially the fans were recirculating the hot air. I also allowed the kids to bring bottles of water to school, plus more frequent trips to the water fountain and the lavatory. It was a major bother and disruption but the poor kids needed some kind of relief from the heat. The principal placed several large fans in the cafeteria, a stopgap measure at best. If the temperature went up to the 90s, then the administration would declare a half day and close school early. By the end of the school day, I was drenched in sweat and exhausted beyond human comprehension.

    1. In Baltimore County/City. No fans because the electrical grid for the school is already overtaxed with the computer systems in place and generating excessive heat….turn on a fan and system overload (boom boom out go the lights!). Teachers don’t want students to bring water bottles because they play “flip the water bottle” (they are bored with common bore curriculum). Broken water faucets and non working water fountains. Bathroom breaks discouraged due to behavior problems. It’s a terrible situation in these schools for teachers and students.

  4. Teaching in Newark these days…and my classroom was 90 + every day this week. The first day, I bought a wall thermometer out of my own pocket (of course, I’m a teacher…we live to plow our salary back into the building’s capital budget). Monday 11am – 95 degrees, top floor classroom 3 huge windows facing east, 6 huge windows facing south. I tried allieviating some of it back in the fall with installation of insulated drapes on shower curtain rods on the south side. It helped some. Making matters worse, there are no working blinds in the room & several windows which do not altogether close at the top. Someone suggested I buy a portable AC for the room. Excuse me? No. There are towns that close buildings at 89 degrees F. Newark should follow suit and get on with installing proper HVAC in these older buildings.

    1. Too bad Zuckerberg didn’t spend his $100,000,000 on air conditioning instead of wasting it on consultants.

  5. Each district’s unions (teachers, custodians, administrators) will have to bring suit against their district and the state for unsafe and unhealthily working conditions and violation of safety/health standards for students. Maybe a class action suit for negligence on the state level?

  6. Thank you Bob. For those that dismiss this as just another reason for teachers to whine, please take my classroom key for a heat wave week in June while I kick back in your air conditioned office wearing a sweater because the thermostat is set too low.

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